Rhino Are Amazing Creatures But How Much Do You Know About Them?

A baby rhino running

Rhino are amazing creatures, but how much do you know about them?

1) There are five different species of Rhino. Black Rhino, White Rhino, Greater One-Horned Rhino, Sumatran Rhino and Javan Rhino.

species_header

2) Rhino is short for Rhinoceros. This name comes from the Greek words rhino, meaning nose and ceros, meaning horn.

3) The White Rhino is the biggest species of Rhino. It can weigh more than 3,500kg, making it the second largest mammal on land. The Elephant is the largest, weighing up to 7,000kg.

White rhinoThe largest species of Rhino: the White Rhino.
4) Rhino, along with Lions, Elephants, Buffalo and Leopards make up the “Big 5” animals that tourists like to see on safari.
Two rhinos spotted on safari in South Africa.Two Rhinos spotted on safari in South Africa.

5) Rhino horns are not made of bone. They’re made from keratin, just like human fingernails and hair.

6) A male Rhino is called a bull, a female Rhino is called a cow and a baby Rhino is called a calf. A group of Rhino is called a “herd” or “crash”.

A muddy baby rhinoThis cute calf has been playing in the mud…

7) Rhino have three toes on each foot.

8) The Sumatran Rhino is the smallest rhino out of the five species. It is also the hairiest and the closest living relative to the ancient Woolly Rhinoceros that lived during the Ice Age.

A baby Sumatran rhino with mumA baby Sumatran Rhino with its mum.

9) Rhino don’t eat meat. They are herbivores, which means they eat plants.

10) Did you know, the White Rhino and the Black Rhino are really the same dark grey colour? Sometimes they appear brown from wallowing in mud.

Two muddy rhinosTwo Black Rhino, muddy from wallowing…

11) Rhino have sensitive skin. Wallowing in mud helps them to cool off, protects them from the sun and acts as an insect repellent!

12) Birds also help Rhino get rid of creepy crawlies. Oxpeckers often sit on a Rhino’s back and eat insects. They call out if there is danger nearby – what good friends!

Rhino and an oxpecker, the birdAn unlikely friendship between rhino and bird.

13) The Great One-Horned Rhino does more than just wallow in the mud; it likes to swim and can dive underwater for food.

A one-horned rhino swimming.This Great One-Horned Rhino just loves to swim…

14) Female Rhino are pregnant for a lot longer than humans. Instead of carrying a baby for nine months, Rhino mums are pregnant for 15-16 months.

15) Finally, Rhino use their poo to communicate. They mark their territory by leaving piles of dung

More Information:

Rhino Resource Center

Thula Thula Rhino Orphanage

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s